By deciding to close the oldest of its nuclear power plants, the French state is paying off a commitment made by two presidents subjected to environmental blackmail. But by choosing a profitable asset that does not participate in global warming, he is wrong target.
On Saturday February 22, there will be crowds around the Fessenheim nuclear power plant. Malcontents made up of EDF agents, subcontractors, traders and ordinary residents. On that day, the first nuclear reactor will cease to operate. The second will stop four months later, on June 30. Fessenheim is 70% of Alsatian electricity, 800 EDF agents, 2,000 direct and indirect jobs, 14 million euros per year in tax revenue for local communities. The overwhelming majority of local elected officials disapprove of this closure, which is synonymous with the loss of skills and jobs. This shutdown is also a hard blow for EDF: arguing that the power station is functioning properly, the electrician battled behind the scenes to avoid this outcome. But the government has not reversed its decision.
Announced in 2012 (41e proposal by candidate François Hollande), the closure of Fessenheim marks a break in French energy policy. “EDF has already shut down reactors for technological and economic reasons,” notes Daniel Boy, director of research at Sciences-Po and specialist in ecology. In 1997, Lionel Jospin interrupted the construction of the Superphénix breeder plant at Creys-Malville in Isère. But the closure of Fessenheim is something else. For the first time, governments are choosing to shut down profitable, functioning reactors. ” Fessenheim, it is the existing nuclear power, an energy production that